Publications

Working Paper
Crowe A. All the regard due to their sex”: Women in the Geneva Conventions of 1949 Harvard Law School. [Internet]. Working Paper. Publisher's VersionAbstract

This working paper focuses on the gendered concepts of women that emerge from the texts of the Geneva Conventions of 1949, especially the concept of “honor and modesty.” Through analysis of historical materials, the paper describes the background to Article 27 of the Fourth Geneva Convention, which refers to the protection of women from rape and enforced prostitution. In particular, the paper examines the question of why the Conventions’ drafters did not include rape in the list of acts that constitute grave breaches of the Conventions, worthy of special condemnation.

Neuman GL. Giving Meaning and Effect to Human Rights: The Contributions of Human Rights Committee Members. [Internet]. Working Paper. Publisher's VersionAbstract

This essay discusses the multiple roles played by the members of the Human Rights Committee in giving effect to the rights guaranteed by the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. It argues that the most important contribution the members make to the human rights project consists in their credible, professional elaboration of those rights, particularly by means of the Committee’s Views and General Comments, as emphasized by the International Court of Justice in the Diallo case. While the Committee members should be open to learning from the insights of other treaty bodies, they should resist urgings toward a simplistic harmonization. The texts and interpretations of other ‘core’ human rights treaties must be used with care in the members’ independent exercise of their own interpretive function.

Accountability for Children’s Rights. With Special Attention to Social Accountability and Its Potential to Achieve Results and Equity for Children.
Gibbons L. Accountability for Children’s Rights. With Special Attention to Social Accountability and Its Potential to Achieve Results and Equity for Children. Working Paper.
Freedom from Violence and the Law: A Global Perspective
de de Alwis RS, Klugman J. Freedom from Violence and the Law: A Global Perspective. Working Paper.
The Power of Numbers: A Critical Review of MDG Targets and Indicators
Fukuda-Parr S, Yamin AE ed. The Power of Numbers: A Critical Review of MDG Targets and Indicators.; Working Paper. Publisher's VersionAbstract

The Power of Numbers project is a goal-by-goal analysis of the Millennium Development Goals which refocuses the debate on the MDGs, assessing whether they have shifted the policy priorities of governments, donors, NGOs, and other stakeholders. The analysis brings much needed attention to understanding the global goals as policy instruments, and seeks to inform discussions of the post-2015 sustainable development agenda. The papers below have been further developed and have been published in book form.

Building on 11 case studies and a conceptual framework, this book provides a goal-by-goal analysis by leading specialists in the relevant fields. These specialists analyse the choices made, as well as the empirical and normative effects of the MDGs to offer insights for a more rigorous use of indicators and cautions on their limitations and perverse consequences. This book was originally published as a special issue of the Journal of Human Development and Capabilities.

Overview – The Power of Numbers: A Critical Review of MDG Targets for Human Development and Human Rights,Sakiko Fukuda-Parr and Alicia Ely Yamin, May 2013.

Lessons for Setting Targets and Selecting Indicators – The Power of Numbers: A Critical Review of MDG Targets for Human Development and Human Rights, Sakiko Fukuda-Parr and Alicia Ely Yamin, May 2013.

Synthesis Paper – The Power of Numbers: A Critical Review of MDG Targets for Human Development and Human Rights, Sakiko Fukuda-Parr, Alicia Ely Yamin, and Joshua Greenstein, May 2013.

The inclusion of Full Employment in MDG1, What lessons for a Post-2015 Development Agenda?, Rolph van der Hoeven, May 2013.

Setting an Income Poverty Goal After 2015, Ugo Gentilini and Andy Sumner, May 2013.

The MDG Hunger Target and the Contested Visions of Food Security, Sakiko Fukuda-Parr and Amy Orr, May 2013.

Education targets, indicators and a post-2015 development agenda: Education for All, the MDGs, and human development, Elaine Unterhalter, May 2013.

No Empowerment without Rights, No Rights without Politics: Gender-Equality, MDGs and the post 2015 Development Agenda, Gita Sen and Avanti Mukherjee, May 2013.

The Questionable Power of the Millennium Development Goal to Reduce Child Mortality, Elisa Diaz-Martinez and Elizabeth D. Gibbons, May 2013.

From Transforming Power to Counting Numbers: The evolution of sexual and reproductive health and rights in development; and where we want to go from here, Alicia Ely Yamin and Vanessa M. Boulanger, May 2013.

MDG 6: AIDS and the International Health Agenda, Nicoli Nattrass, May 2013.

The City is Missing in the Millennium Development Goals, Michael Cohen, May 2013.

Quantifying Water and Sanitation in Development Cooperation: Power or Perversity?, Malcolm Langford and Inga T. Winkler, May 2013.

Analysis of Millennium Development Goal 8: A global partnership for development, Aldo Caliari, May 2013.

Forthcoming
Power, Suffering, and the Struggle for Dignity. Human Rights Frameworks for Health and Why They Matter
Yamin AE. Power, Suffering, and the Struggle for Dignity. Human Rights Frameworks for Health and Why They Matter. University of Pennsylvania Press; Forthcoming.Abstract

 

"This book deftly illustrates the core purpose of a human rights-based approach—eradicating the suffering arising from dramatic inequality within and between nations."—From the Foreword by Paul Farmer.

Directed at a diverse audience of students, legal and public health practitioners, and anyone interested in understanding what human rights-based approaches (HRBAs) to health and development mean and why they matter, Power, Suffering, and the Struggle for Dignity provides a solid foundation for comprehending what a human rights framework implies and the potential for social transformation it entails. Applying a human rights framework to health demands that we think about our own suffering and that of others, as well as the fundamental causes of that suffering. What is our agency as human subjects with rights and dignity, and what prevents us from acting in certain circumstances? What roles are played by others in decisions that affect our health? How do we determine whether what we may see as "natural" is actually the result of mutable, human policies and practices?

Alicia Ely Yamin couples theory with personal examples of HRBAs at work and shows the impact they have had on people's lives and health outcomes. Analyzing the successes of and challenges to using human rights frameworks for health, Yamin charts what can be learned from these experiences, from conceptualization to implementation, setting out explicit assumptions about how we can create social transformation. The ultimate concern of Power, Suffering, and the Struggle for Dignity is to promote movement from analysis to action, so that we can begin to use human rights frameworks to effect meaningful social change in global health, and beyond.

2015
Power, Suffering, and the Struggle for Dignity
Yamin A. Power, Suffering, and the Struggle for Dignity. UPenn; 2015. Publisher's VersionAbstract

Directed at a diverse audience of students, legal and public health practitioners, and anyone interested in understanding what human rights-based approaches (HRBAs) to health and development mean and why they matter, Power, Suffering, and the Struggle for Dignity provides a solid foundation for comprehending what a human rights framework implies and the potential for social transformation it entails. Applying a human rights framework to health demands that we think about our own suffering and that of others, as well as the fundamental causes of that suffering. What is our agency as human subjects with rights and dignity, and what prevents us from acting in certain circumstances? What roles are played by others in decisions that affect our health? How do we determine whether what we may see as "natural" is actually the result of mutable, human policies and practices?

Alicia Ely Yamin couples theory with personal examples of HRBAs at work and shows the impact they have had on people's lives and health outcomes. Analyzing the successes of and challenges to using human rights frameworks for health, Yamin charts what can be learned from these experiences, from conceptualization to implementation, setting out explicit assumptions about how we can create social transformation. The ultimate concern of Power, Suffering, and the Struggle for Dignity is to promote movement from analysis to action, so that we can begin to use human rights frameworks to effect meaningful social change in global health, and beyond.

Alicia Ely Yamin is lecturer on law and global health and policy director at the Francois-Xavier Bagnoud Center for Health and Human Rights at Harvard University, and director of the J.D. M.P.H. Program at the Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health.

Indicators to measure child poverty in the SDGs
Morgan R. Indicators to measure child poverty in the SDGs.; 2015. Publisher's VersionAbstract

Indicators to measure child poverty in the SDGs, March 2015. The Coalition of Partners Working to End Child Poverty – of which Harvard FXB is a founding member – has developed a policy brief that assesses how child poverty can be included as part of the new monitoring framework of the SDGs (Sustainable Development Goals). The brief provides specific recommendations to support United Nations member states in framing their new poverty reduction indicators post 2015.
See the Policy Brief (PDF) and statement by Save the Children and UNICEF here:

Strategies to Combat Segregation of Roma Children in Schools
Matache M. Strategies to Combat Segregation of Roma Children in Schools.; 2015 pp. 126. Publisher's VersionAbstract

A report "Strategies to Combat Segregation of Roma Children in Schools," by Matache, M.
This report analyzes rsz_2p1070157the interventions employed by civil society organizations in six European Union countries to advocate for the development and implementation of measures to prevent the segregation of Roma children in schools. The report presents six case studies based on in-depth literature review and conversations with communities, experts, and stakeholders in Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Greece, Hungary and Romania.

Click here to read a brief version (digest) of the report.

The MDGs, Capabilities and Human Rights, The power of numbers to shape agendas
Fukuda-Parr S. The MDGs, Capabilities and Human Rights, The power of numbers to shape agendas. Routledge; 2015.Abstract

Heralded as opening a new chapter in international development, the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) have led to the use of global goals and quantitative targets as a central instrument for defining global priorities. This book explores the implications of this new approach. How does target setting influence policy priorities of national governments, bilateral donors, multilateral agencies, NGOs, and other stakeholders? What are the intended and unintended consequences? Why is the use of numeric indicators effective? How does quantification reshape meanings of challenges such as women’s empowerment?

Chan A. High Court of Kenya to Address Forced Sterilization of HIV-Positive Women and Collection of Names of People Living With HIV. Health and Human Rights Journal/Blog [Internet]. 2015. Publisher's VersionAbstract

The High Court of Kenya has begun reviewing two important cases on the human rights of people living with HIV. The first concerns the forced or coerced sterilization of HIV-positive women; the second challenges a directive from Kenyan President Uhuru Kenyatta to […]

2014
Matache M. Accelerating Patterns of Anti-Roma Violence in Hungary. Boston: FXB Center for Health And Human Rights, Harvard School of Public Health; 2014. Publisher's VersionAbstract

Accelerating Patterns of Anti-Roma Violence in Hungary Report by Margareta Matache, Arlan Fuller.
This analysis aims to alert the United Nations Office of the Special Adviser on the Prevention of Genocide and other intergovernmental bodies to the persistent patterns of violent attacks and actions against the Roma in Hungary. It argues that the resurgence of hate crimes and discrimination indicates a need for vigorous early assessment of the risk of violence and for measures to ensure the safety of Roma and other minority groups.
Read report here:

Bhabha J. Post-war Kosovo and Its Policies Towards the Roma, Ashkali, and Egyptian communities. FXB Center for Health And Human Rights, Harvard School of Public Health; 2014. Publisher's VersionAbstract

Post-war Kosovo and Its Policies Towards the Roma, Ashkali, and Egyptian report contributors: Jacqueline Bhabha, Margareta Matache, Carrie Bronsther and Bonnie Shnayerson.

FXB Harvard. Post-war Kosovo and Its Policies Towards the Roma, Ashkali, and Egyptian communities, July 2014. In a climate of complex parallel structures, post-war tensions, and historical prejudice, a Harvard FXB research team examined the barriers to Roma, Ashkali, and Egyptian access to education, employment and documentary proof of identity. The team also probed issues of national identity and values, in view of Kosovo’s struggles to integrate minority communities and become a multicultural society.
Read report here:

Running Out of Time: Survival of Syrian Refugee Children in Lebanon
Bartells S. Running Out of Time: Survival of Syrian Refugee Children in Lebanon. FXB Center for Health And Human Rights, Harvard School of Public Health; 2014. Publisher's VersionAbstract

Running Out of Time: Survival of Syrian Refugee Children in Lebanon report was written by Susan Bartels, MD, MPH  and Kathleen Hamill, JD, MALD This report documents the findings of Capture-Lebanon policy brief 2014a rapid assessment of the needs of Syrian refugee children in Lebanon undertaken over 10 days in November 2013. A two-person team interviewed Syrian refugee families in Beirut, Tripoli, and the Bekaa, as well as a broad spectrum of informed staff at local and international NGOs and agencies. The report addresses stressful living conditions, deprivation of basic needs, social isolation, and child labor, among others. Also discussed is the response of the Lebanese government and international actors to the growing humanitarian crisis.
Read Policy brief here:

Syrian Refugees in Jordan: Urgent Issues and Recommendations
Abisaab J. Syrian Refugees in Jordan: Urgent Issues and Recommendations. FXB Center for Health And Human Rights, Harvard School of Public Health; 2014. Publisher's VersionAbstract

Policy Brief by Josyann Abisaab, Satchit Balsari, Zeina Ali Siam, Arlan Fuller, Kathleen Hamill, Jennifer Leaning
This policy brief, based on a Harvard FXB field investigation in Jordan in June 2014 and drawing on a prior FXB field investigation conducted in Lebanon in November 2013, presents an assessment of key problems and provides key recommendations to the policy community aimed at improving life conditions for the estimated 600,000 Syrian refugees now in Jordan.

Tainted Carpets: Slavery and Child Labor in India’s Hand-Made Carpet Sector
Kara S. Tainted Carpets: Slavery and Child Labor in India’s Hand-Made Carpet Sector. FXB Center for Health And Human Rights, Harvard School of Public Health; 2014. Publisher's VersionAbstract

This investigation sought to fill gaps in previous studies of India’s handmade carpet sector. Over 3,200 cases covering 9 states in northern India are investigated. The report covers “all modes of slave-like labor exploitation” in the carpet sector and documents the supply chain from production source to retail markets in the United States.
Read report here:

Child Migration and Human Rights in a Global Age
Bhabha J. Child Migration and Human Rights in a Global Age. Princeton University Press; 2014. Publisher's VersionAbstract

Why, despite massive public concern, is child trafficking on the rise? Why are unaccompanied migrant children living on the streets and routinely threatened with deportation to their countries of origin? Why do so many young refugees of war-ravaged and failed states end up warehoused in camps, victimized by the sex trade, or enlisted as child soldiers? This book provides the first comprehensive account of the widespread but neglected global phenomenon of child migration, exploring the complex challenges facing children and adolescents who move to join their families, those who are moved to be exploited, and those who move simply to survive.

Spanning several continents and drawing on the actual stories of young migrants, the book shows how difficult it is for children to reunite with parents who left them behind to seek work abroad. It looks at the often-insurmountable obstacles we place in the paths of adolescents fleeing war, exploitation, or destitution; the contradictory elements in our approach to international adoption; and the limited support we give to young people brutalized as child soldiers. Part history, part in-depth legal and political analysis, this powerful book challenges the prevailing wisdom that widespread protection failures are caused by our lack of awareness of the problems these children face, arguing instead that our societies have a deep-seated ambivalence to migrant children—one we need to address head-on.Child Migration and Human Rights in a Global Age offers a road map for doing just that, and makes a compelling and courageous case for an international ethics of children’s human rights.

Bhabha J. Human Rights and Adolescence.; 2014 pp. 376.Abstract

http://www.upenn.edu/pennpress/book/15267.html

While young children's rights have received considerable attention and have accordingly advanced over the last two decades, adolescent rights have been neglected, resulting in a serious rights lacuna. This manifests itself in pervasive gender-based violence, widespread youth disaffection and unemployment, concerning levels of self-abuse, violence and antisocial engagement, and serious mental and physical health deficits. The cost of inaction on these issues is likely to be dramatic in terms of human suffering, lost social and economic opportunities, and threats to global peace and security. Across the range of disciplines that make up contemporary human rights, from law and social advocacy, to global health, to history, economics, sociology, politics, and psychology, it is time for adolescent rights to occupy a coherent place of their own.

Human Rights and Adolescence presents a multifaceted inquiry into the global circumstances of adolescents, focused on the human rights challenges and socioeconomic obstacles young adults face. Contributors use new research to advance feasible solutions and timely recommendations for a wide range of issues spanning all continents, from relevant international legal norms to neuropsychological adolescent brain development, gender discrimination in Indian education to Colombian child soldier recruitment, stigmatization of Roma youth in Europe to economic disempowerment of Middle Eastern and South African adolescents. Taken together, the research emphasizes the importance of dedicated attention to adolescence as a distinctive and critical phase of development between childhood and adulthood, and outlines the task of building on the potential of adolescents while providing support for the challenges they experience.

Health and Human Rights Journal. [Internet]. 2014. Publisher's VersionAbstract

Health and Human Rights began publication in 1994 under the editorship of Jonathan Mann. Paul Farmer, co-founder of Partners In Health, assumed the editorship in 2007. Health and Human Rights is an online, open-access publication.

Health and Human Rights provides an inclusive forum for action-oriented dialogue among human rights practitioners. The journal endeavors to increase access to human rights knowledge in the health field by linking an expanded community of readers and contributors. Following the lead of a growing number of open access publications, the full text of Health and Human Rights is freely available to anyone with internet access.

Health and Human Rights focuses rigorous scholarly analysis on the conceptual foundations and challenges of rights discourse and action in relation to health. The journal is dedicated to empowering new voices from the field — highlighting the innovative work of groups and individuals in direct engagement with human rights struggles as they relate to health. We seek to foster engaged scholarship and reflective activism. In doing so, we invite informed action to realize the full spectrum of human rights.

Health and Human Rights publishes two issues each year in June and December.

The Health and Human Rights website provides additional opportunities for interactive dialogue on pertinent controversial topics and news. A regularly updated “Perspectives” section provides space for contributors to share information and express their views on a broad range of topics, including but not limited to the themes of the journal’s print issues. The HHR blog highlights recent relevant news and includes short opinion pieces from guest bloggers.

2013
FXB Annual Report 2011 – 2013: Empowering and Protecting. François-Xavier Bagnoud Center for Health and Human Rights, Harvard School Of Public Health, Harvard University; 2013 pp. 28. Publisher's Version

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